Formal and Not Formal Educational Approaches to Promote Organic Agriculture

Both formal and non-formal educational approaches

1. More practice oriented approaches
2. Should be based on cooperation of different sectors (public, private and civil)
3. Should be more attractive to young people

Formal educational approaches

1. Inclusion of curriculum on organic agriculture into primary schools. By teaching the benefits of organic farming and the process of organic agriculture to children of early stage (primary schools) teachers give them the opportunity to get familiar with this certain field and be more sensitive and aware in the future.
2. Cooperation –SCHOOLS-PARENTS-GOVERNMENT Organization of regular meetings that include not only young people but especially parents and old people in cooperation with local authorities or representatives of the sector of agricultural associations and government and to add the topic organic food on the agenda of such meetings.
3. Organic breakfasts at schools/Organic Gardens/ composting To initiate of regular practice of organic gardening and composting and to organize organic breakfast at schools.

Non- Formal educational approaches

1. Open Days at Farms Cooperation between local organic farmers and schools, kinder gardens, youth clubs and universities (promotion and selling activities).
2. Media, Internet, TV, Promotion of Organic & Seasonal food To increase visibility of organic farming and organic food awareness through engaging young people and students studying media and ICT into production of promotional items and multiplying and sharing benefits of consuming organic food
3. Festivals To support organization of festivals which promote local organic food and tradition (cooperation between local farmers and local community)
4. More cooperation between organic farmers associations and young people – seminars, EU funds, projects Organization of seminars, youth projects

How to increase employment rated in the organic sector?

1. Lower taxes for organic production and products, and for getting the organic farmer certificate;
2. Less bureaucracy with the paper work to become and stay organic farmer;
3. Remove subsidies for non-organic fertilizers and non-organic pesticides;
4. Higher subsidies for organic farmers;
5. Create a special program, funded by the EU, to raise awareness on organic products and farming;
6. Training program funded by the EU for organic farmers and those who want to become organic farmers.

How to make organic production competitive

1. to rise interest for consumer and farmer point of view – to rise interest
2. to respect environment – health importance
3. to lower prices of organic production and biological food (helps to farmers, lower taxes for farmers)
4. information, education, marketing, advertising
5. more possibilities to open this kind of activities, with less products there is not competition in prices

Economic problems bring to the consumption of cheaper food People that live in cities are often far from the idea of biological food, they are not close to nature
Education about respect of nature
Politics should encourage the organic production with education, improve confidence in organic food, supporting economically this field, less bureaucracy, conventions for organic farms
Programs and strategies about the need of a specific area Contracts between market and farmers which produce organic Give the permission to open an activity if a given percentage of production is organic or local. If you do not produce organic production you should pay: solution to fight against pollution
Many countries have problem in finding shops, market or sections specialised in organic products
It is important to work in group to be more powerful from many points of view Politics and law should guarantee the help start and growing of organic activities

How to inform and raise awareness

How to inform and raise the awareness on organic production:
Consumer
Conventional reaserch and organic research which shows the differences. What is the problem, find it – resolve it and present it to public. Educate how to produce the organic products. How to fight diseases.

Inform schools
secondary schools – clubs of organic products with dvds videos, conferences and lectures. Erasmus students can have a project on organic farming which will then be presented to schools. Meals in schools to be organic – (milk?) or 20% organic and the rest Comunity garden – something for all to gain experience, get involved and raise awareness. Schools to have a garden that kids will be happy to work on and gain experience.
Universities
To open degrees on ‘how to be an organic farmer’ Engineer in agriculture Specialisation on organic culture Funding from the EU for researchers to work on organic farming to universities, Phd
Educate the buyers:
Let them taste it Open position to start a campaign through schools Markets of organic products – including events or activities to promote organic products Promote the ECO label, educate them based on the european law and garantee that this is actually what it says on the label. Explain the goods of it Make them available to every single market, close to people, in shops. Show the negativity of conventional products – use of sciense, research institute. Collect all researches, put them together and create an advert – campain which will be achievable to people and not a long essay. Funds for promotion to increase informative campaigns which will show to people the healthy impact of products in comparison to the conventional. Base campains on research that shows; organic products have a bosted aroma based on ‘estera’. To increase the market segment of consumers and demands of organic products. Same campaing through countries of the EU. Make a plan of campain which will be singed by goverments in the different countries of the EU and be followed to raise a more glabal sense into organic farming. To include declaration of the local authorities to accept the promotion of organic products, global and within country. Apply somehow a law for someone to be a conventional farmer, to have a govermential license. This way goverment can refuse conventional farmer’s license and increas organic farmers. Teach the negative effects of conventional agriculture on the soils which conclude to a barren land.